It will be limited and stiff, with few arm and hand movements. Hand, arm and leg movement are toward their own body the liar takes up less space.
Notice the eye contact that must be missing like a person who is lying to you will avoid making eye contact.
Hands touching their face, throat & mouth. Touching or scratching the nose or behind their ear. Not likely to touch his chest/heart with an open hand.
Timing and duration of emotional gestures and emotions are off a normal pace. The display of emotion is delayed, stays longer it would naturally, and then stops suddenly.
Timing is off between emotions gestures/expressions and words. Example: Someone says I love it! When receiving a gift and then smile after making that statement, rather than at the same time the statement is made.
Gestures/expressions don’t match the verbal statement, such as frowning when saying I love you.
The expression and mouth movements will not be the same, expressions are limited to mouth movements when someone is faking emotions (like happy, surprised, sad, awe,) instead of the whole face.
A guilty person gets defensive. An innocent person will often go on the offensive. You need to figure it out within the liar
A liar is uncomfortable facing his questioner/accuser and may turn his head or body away. Based on that movement you need to rectify whether he/she is lying to you or not
A liar might unconsciously place objects (book, coffee cup, etc.) between themselves and you. They used to try this in consciously sometimes when they get confirmed to be caught by questioner
A liar will use your words to make answer a question. When asked, did you eat the last cookie? The liar answers, No, I did not eat the last cookie.
A statement with a contraction is more likely to be truthful: I didn’t do it instead of me did not do it
Liars sometimes avoid lying by not making direct statements. They imply answers instead of denying something directly.
The guilty person may speak more than natural, adding unnecessary details to convince you… they are not comfortable with silence or pauses in the conversation.
A liar may leave out pronouns and speak in a monotonous tone. When a truthful statement is made the pronoun is emphasized as much or more than the rest of the words in a statement.
Words may be garbled and spoken softly, and syntax and grammar may be off. In other words, his sentences will likely be muddled rather than emphasized.
If you believe someone is lying, then change subject of a conversation quickly, a liar follows along willingly and becomes more relaxed.
Guilt vs. Innocent
The guilty wants the subject changed; an innocent person may be confused by the sudden change in topics and will want to back to the previous subject.
Learn to recognize deflections. Usually when people are lying, they will tell stories that are true but are deliberately aimed at not answering the question you asked.
If a person responds to the question did you ever hit your wife? With an answer such as I love my wife, why would I do that? The suspect is technically telling a truth, but he is avoiding answering your original question, which usually means he is lying.
Illustrators and Manipulators
Illustrators are a sign of telling the truth, this is when you are using your hand gestures to talk. Moving your hands while you are talking is a sign of telling the truth. We also have manipulators. These, are the opposite of illustrators. An example of a manipulator can be playing with your wrist-watch, your jewelry, pulling on your ear lobe, etc.
The last, commonly unknown sign of hiding something is reptile tissue, most people have a reptile tissue in their nose, and it itches when he/she tries to hide something. But, before you assume that the person is hiding something, please establish a base line.
When you ask questions to a liar make sure you make a base line during that period. Base line means the difference between telling lies appearance and not telling lies or normal appearance. You need to recognize both scenarios otherwise you can’t detect the liar
Read Micro expressions
Micro expressions are split second facial expressions that flash on a person’s face for a less than a 25th of a second and reveal the person’s true emotion underneath their facade. You need to read that expressions if you want to detect the lies
Focus to the upper and lower eyelids, the corner of the eyes, the mouth and the muscles surrounding the mouth, the eyebrows and forehead. These parts of the body always represent true expressions of a human being so you need to focus on those parts of the body to detect the lies effectively
When you meet the person who you think is deceiving you, shake their hand. Take note of the temperature. When you are sure they are lying to you, pretend to be leaving and quickly grab their hand for a Good-Bye Handshake. If the temperature is colder, they are fearful.
See if they are telling you too much, like my mom is living in France, isn’t it nice there? Don’t you like the Eiffel tower? It’s so clean there. Too many details may tip you off to their desperation to get you to believe them.
An honest answer comes quickly from memory. Lies require a quick mental review of what they have told others to avoid inconsistency and to make up new details as needed. However, when people look up to remember things, it does not necessarily mean that they are lying.
Verbal expression can give many clues as to whether a person is lying, such as: Using/repeating your own exact words when answering a question Not using contractions Avoiding direct statements or answers (deflections) Speaking excessively in an effort to convince Speaking in a monotonous tone Speaking in muddled sentences Vocal pitch rising Using classic qualifiers such as I’m only going to say this once… Using humor and sarcasm to avoid the subject Using Deflections (beating around the bush, not answering the question.)
Always allow silence to enter into the conversation then you can see If they’re lying, they will become uncomfortable if you stare at them for a while with a look of disbelief. If they’re telling the truth, they will usually become angry or just frustrated (lips pressed together, brows down, upper eyelid tensed and pulled down to glare).
Watch H/S Throat
A person may constantly be either trying to lubricate their throat when he/she lies by swallowing or clearing their throat to relieve the tension built up.
A person’s voice can also be a good lie indicator; they may suddenly start talking faster or slower than normal, or their tension may result in a higher-pitched speaking tone.
The more you get to know someone, the better you will become at recognizing their thinking style and the better you will become at knowing when they may be straying from the truth. In the ordinary course of events, you will see a consistent pattern of eye movements. If a person breaks their pattern, this may well suggest that they are deviating from the truth, though they may not be lying deliberately.
Detect Case-by-Case Basis
Some people may have reputations for lying; keep this in mind, but don’t let it mask your opinions all the time. You have to take it on a case-by-case basis.
Be careful of how often you appraise others’ truthfulness. If you are always looking for lies, people may avoid you.
Eye Contact Results
Remember that eye contact is considered rude in some cultures, so this may explain why they are reluctant to look at you in the eye consistently.
Forcing a smile is often just an attempt to be polite; don’t take this personally. If someone fakes a smile for you, it can also mean that they want to make a good impression on you because they value you as a person and are showing respect.
Lie Indications Behaviors
May take longer to start answering May answer to quickly or before the question is completed Often ask the questioner to repeat the question or they repeat it themselves overly polite or apologetic dialog Persistent complaints Unnatural silence
It has been generally found that people tend to sweat more whenever they are trying to conceal a truth. Check out for this important sign of nervousness and anxiety.
See if they are saying things with their mouth covered. Speaking with the mouth covered is the body’s nonverbal signal that whatever the person is saying is not correct. We don’t have much control over our nonverbal signals.
Types of Lies
Fabrication Bold Faced lie Lying by omission Lie to children White lie Noble lie Emergency lie Perjury Bluffing Misleading/Dissembling Exaggeration Puffery Jocose lies Contextual lies Promotion lies
Try to Understand
Try to be understanding and listen to the person’s reasons for lying. Was he trying not to hurt you? Was she/he afraid you would be angry, upset or disappointed? Then you can decide easily what kind of lies he/she is telling about
Many liars pause when forced to make up a story, you can catch at that time easily if you remain very careful or attentive listener to them
Attempting to justify every detail with lengthy explanations. Also, the lies uses (and particularly overuses) language like honestly, believe me, to tell the truth, etc. She/he is almost certainly being deceptive.